Smart growth is an urban planning strategy that is a direct response to the consequences of urban sprawl, the development approach that has become so prevalent in modern times. It involves well-planned, quality development that is compact and walkable/bicycle-friendly. It focuses on preserving open space and farmland, by providing both affordable, mixed use housing and complete streets with transportation choices.

Practice
The Smart Growth Network advocates ten principles of smart growth city design. These are:

  1. Strengthen and direct development towards existing communities
  2. Mix land uses
  3. Take advantage of compact building design
  4. Create a range of housing opportunities and choices
  5. Create walkable neighborhoods
  6. Preserve open space, farmland, natural beauty, and critical environmental areas
  7. Provide a variety of transportation choices
  8. Make development decisions predictable, fair, and cost effective
  9. Encourage community and stakeholder collaboration in development decisions
  10. Foster distinctive, attractive communities with a strong sense of place